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看看奥巴马任总统期间推荐的这些书,可以当读书俱乐部主席了

Ruth Kinane 2017年09月20日

奥巴马称,书让他获得信息并给予他灵感。《娱乐周刊》回顾了这些年来奥巴马青睐的所有书籍。

无论是在白宫给孩子们读书,还是在黑色星期五逛当地书店,或是向女儿推荐读物,贝拉克·奥巴马总统也许都可以被称为书籍达人。

奥巴马酷爱读书。最近,他在接受《纽约时报》采访时谈到了书籍在他执政期间的重大作用,书让他获得信息并给予他灵感。奥巴马说,书籍让他得以“慢下来,获得看问题的视角”。《娱乐周刊》回顾了这些年来奥巴马青睐的书——模仿著名领导人的读书方式并非坏事。把奥巴马选为2017年读书俱乐部主席怎么样,有人同意吗?

以下是奥巴马担任总统期间推荐的所有书籍:

给女儿的书:

Whether he’s reading to kids at the White House, hitting up local bookstores on Black Friday, or giving recommendations to his daughters, President Barack Obama may as well be known as the Commander in Books.

POTUS is an avid reader and recently spoke to the New York Times about the significant, informative and inspirational role literature has played in his presidency, crediting books for allowing him to “slow down and get perspective.” With his presidency coming to an end this Friday, EW looked back at Obama’s lit picks over the years — because it can’t hurt to read like a great leader. #ObamaForBookClubPresident2017, anyone?

See a comprehensive list of every book Obama has recommended during his presidency:

Books for Daughters:

对于给18岁的女儿玛利亚推荐过哪些书的问题,奥巴马给了《时代》周刊一份清单,其中包括《裸者与死者》和《百年孤独》。“我觉得其中一些书被推荐的频率很高[……]我想她还没有读过。还有一些书现在已经不是人人都想读了,但我记得它们都很有意思。”奥巴马列出的书单如下:

1. 《裸者与死者》,诺曼·梅勒

2. 《百年孤独》,加布里埃尔·加西亚·马尔克斯

3.《金色笔记》,多丽丝·莱辛

4. 《女勇士》,汤婷婷

在独立书店的购书:

When asked what books he recommended to his 18-year-old daughter Malia, Obama gave the Times a list that included The Naked and the Dead and One Hundred Years of Solitude. “I think some of them were sort of the usual suspects […] I think she hadn’t read yet. Then there were some books that are not on everybody’s reading list these days, but I remembered as being interesting.” Here’s what he included:

1. The Naked and the Dead, Norman Mailer

2. One Hundred Years of Solitude, Gabriel García Márquez

3. The Golden Notebook, Doris Lessing

4. The Woman Warrior, Maxine Hong Kingston

Independent Bookstore Purchases:

2014年11月,奥巴马去了华盛顿独立书店Politics and Prose,一是向小企业致敬,二是给自己的个人图书馆添几本藏书。在女儿玛莉亚和萨沙的陪伴下,总统先生从布里安·雅克的《红城王国》奇幻系列中选了几本小说,还从巴巴拉·帕克的《朱尼·琼斯》系列中选了几本。另外,他买的一大堆书中还包括:

1. 《爱做梦的黑人女孩》,杰奎琳·伍德森

2. 《黑暗之心》,约瑟夫·康拉德

3. 《诺拉·韦伯斯特》,科尔姆·托宾

4. 《狂笑的怪物》,丹尼斯·约翰逊

5. 《雄心壮志的时代:在新中国追寻财富、真相和信仰 》,欧逸文

6. 《最好的告别:关于衰老与死亡,你必须知道的常识》,阿图·葛文德博士

7. 《风暴中起舞》,凯瑟琳·伦德尔

8. 《通往北方深处的小道》,理查德·弗兰纳根

9. 《红墙王国》系列,布里安·雅克

10. 《朱尼·琼斯》系列,巴巴拉·帕克

11. 《坚果送给你》,琳恩·雷·帕金斯

2016年夏季读物:

In November 2014, Obama took a trip to D.C. independent bookstore Politics and Prose to honor small businesses and add to his personal library. Accompanied by daughters Malia and Sasha, POTUS picked up novels from the Redwall fantasy series by Brian Jacques, as well as some from the Junie B. Jones series by Barbara Park. He also added these titles to his heavy bags:

1. Brown Girl Dreaming, Jacqueline Woodson

2. Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad

3. Nora Webster, Colm Toibin

4. The Laughing Monsters, Denis Johnson

5. Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth and Faith in the New China, Evan Osnos

6. Being Mortal: Medicine and What Matters in the End, Dr. Atul Gawande

7. Cartwheeling in Thunderstorms, Katherine Rundell

8. The Narrow Road to the Deep North, Richard Flanagan

9. Redwall series, Brian Jacques

10. Junie B. Jones series, Barbara Park

11. Nuts To You, Lynn Rae Perkins

Summer Reads 2016:

和我们一样,奥巴马也喜欢在阳光下放松的同时躺在沙滩上畅游书海。2016年,他列出了自己的夏季假期书单:

1. 《野蛮岁月:冲浪人生》,威廉·菲尼根

2. 《关于驯鹰这事》,海伦·麦克唐纳

3. 《火车上的女孩》,宝拉·霍金斯

4. 《七大家族》,尼尔·斯蒂芬森

5. 《地下铁路》,科尔森·怀特海德

2015年夏季读物:

Just like us, the president enjoys a good beach read while relaxing in the sun. In 2016, he released his list of summer vacation books:

1. Barbarian Days: A Surfing Life, William Finnegan

2. H Is for Hawk, Helen Macdonald

3. The Girl on the Train, Paula Hawkins

4. Seveneves, Neal Stephenson

5. The Underground Railroad, Colson Whitehead

Summer Reads 2015:

2015年奥巴马也公布过一次他的夏季最爱读物:

1. 《所有这一切》,詹姆斯·索尔特

2. 《大灭绝时代》,伊丽莎白·科尔伯特

3. 《洼地》,钟芭·拉希莉

4. 《世界与我之间》,塔-内西斯·科特斯

5. 《华盛顿的一生》,罗恩·切尔诺

6. 《所有我们看不见的光》,安东尼·多尔

童年经典:

He also released a list of his summer favorites back in 2015:

1. All That Is, James Salter

2. The Sixth Extinction, Elizabeth Kolbert

3. The Lowland, Jhumpa Lahiri

4. Between the World and Me, Ta-Nehisi Coates

5. Washington: A Life, Ron Chernow

6. All the Light We Cannot See, Anthony Doerr

Childhood Classics:

2015年,在去华盛顿安那考斯迪亚河畔一家公共图书馆的路上,奥巴马向一些青少年学生介绍了他小时候最喜欢看的书。2014年,他还在白宫给孩子们读了(而且表演了)毛里斯·桑达克写的《野兽出没的地方》。

1. 《金银岛》,罗伯特·路易斯·史蒂文森

2. 《人鼠之间》,约翰·斯坦贝克

3. 《了不起的盖茨比》,F·斯科特·菲茨杰拉德

4. 《野兽出没的地方》,毛里斯·桑达克

一生最爱:

During a trip to a public library in Washington’s Anacostia neighborhood in 2015, Obama shared some of his childhood favorites with a group of young students. He also read (and acted out) Where the Wild Things Are by Maurice Sendak to kids at the White House in 2014.

1. Treasure Island, Robert Louis Stevenson

2. Of Mice and Men, John Steinbeck

3. The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald

4. Where the Wild Things Are, Maurice Sendak

All-time Favorites:

Facebook个人主页和2008年《纽约时报》对他的采访显示,对奥巴马影响最大,也是他一直最喜欢的书有这些:

1. 《白鲸记》,赫尔曼·梅尔维

2. 《自立》,拉尔夫·瓦尔多·爱默生

3. 《所罗门之歌》,托妮·莫里森

4. 《分水岭》,泰勒·布兰奇

5. 《基列家书》,玛丽莲·罗宾森

6. 《出类拔萃的一群》,大卫·哈伯斯坦

7. 《联邦党人文集》,亚历山大·汉密尔顿

8. 《黑人的灵魂》,W·E·B·杜波伊斯

9. 《权力与荣耀》,格雷厄姆·格林

10. 《沉静的美国人》,格雷厄姆·格林

11. 《癌病房》,亚历山大·索尔仁尼琴

12. 《甘地自传》

13. 《工作者》,斯特兹·特克尔

14. 《国富论》,亚当·斯密

15. 《道德情操论》,亚当·斯密

16. 《国王班底》,罗伯特·佩恩·沃伦

优秀的小说和诗歌选集:

According to the president’s Facebook page and a 2008 interview with the New York Times, these titles are among his most influential forever favorites:

1. Moby Dick, Herman Melville

2. Self-Reliance, Ralph Waldo Emerson

3. Song Of Solomon, Toni Morrison

4. Parting The Waters, Taylor Branch

5. Gilead, Marylinne Robinson

6. Best and the Brightest, David Halberstam

7. The Federalist, Alexander Hamilton

8. Souls of Black Folk, W.E.B. Du Bois

9. The Power and the Glory, Graham Greene

10. The Quiet American, Graham Greene

11. Cancer Ward, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

12. Gandhi’s autobiography

13. Working, Studs Terkel

14. Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith

15. Theory of Moral Sentiments, Adam Smith

16. All the King’s Men, Robert Penn Warren

Excellent Novels and Poetry collections:

作为热情的读者,这些年来奥巴马的名字跟一长串小说和诗歌选集联系在了一起。他承认自己很喜欢一部惊悚小说——奥巴马对《时代》杂志表示:“我觉得《消失的爱人》是一本结构完善、文笔出色的书。”他还是科幻小说粉,喜欢刘慈欣的《三体》等书中天马行空的想象。奥巴马说:“书里的世界很大。所以读起来很有趣,部分原因是我每天在国会遇到的问题都显得相当的小,不值得操心。外星人就要入侵了!”

1. 《双生石》,阿布拉汉姆·沃吉斯

2. 《到大地尽头》,大卫·格罗斯曼

3. 《纯度》,乔纳森·弗兰岑

4. 《河湾》,V·S·奈保尔

5. 《婚姻的真相》,劳伦·格洛夫

6. 《华丽人生》,理查德·普莱斯

7. 《荷兰》,约瑟夫·奥尼尔

8. 《两年八个月零二十八夜》,萨尔曼·拉什迪

9. 《重新派遣》,菲尔·克莱

10. 《隐形人》,拉尔夫·埃里森

11. 《单声圣歌》,肯特·哈鲁夫

12. 《回家的路》,乔治·佩雷坎诺斯

13. 《什么是什么》,戴夫·艾格斯

14. 《哲学与文学》,彼得·S·汤普森

15. 《德瑞克·沃尔科特诗选》,德里克·沃尔科特

16. 《胜负未定》,约翰·斯坦贝克

17. 《消失的爱人》,吉莉安·弗琳

18. 《三体》,刘慈欣

19. 《哈利·波特》系列,J·K·罗琳

关于其他总统的书籍:

As a devoted reader, the president has been linked to a lengthy list of novels and poetry collections over the years—he admits he enjoys a thriller: “I thought Gone Girl was a well-constructed, well-written book,” he told the Times. Obama is also a fan of sci-fi titles like Liu Cixin’s The Three-Body Problem for the escapism they provide. “The scope of it was immense,” he said. “So that was fun to read, partly because my day-to-day problems with Congress seem fairly petty — not something to worry about. Aliens are about to invade!”

1. Cutting for Stone, Abraham Verghese

2. To the End of the Land, David Grossman

3. Purity, Jonathan Franzen

4. A Bend in the River, V. S. Naipau

5. Fates and Furies, Lauren Groff

6. Lush Life, Richard Price

7. Netherland, Joseph O’Neill

8. Two Years Eight Months and Twenty-Eight Nights, Salman Rushdie

9. Redeployment, Phil Klay

10. Invisible Man, Ralph Ellison

11. Plainsong, Kent Haruf

12. The Way Home, George Pelecanos

13. What Is the What, Dave Eggers

14. Philosophy & Literature, Peter S Thompson

15. Collected Poems, Derek Walcott

16. In Dubious Battle, John Steinbeck

17. Gone Girl, Gillian Flynn

18. The Three-Body Problem, Liu Cixin

19. Harry Potter series, J.K. Rowling

Books About Other Presidents:

椭圆办公室可能让人觉得孤单,所以读一读先辈的经历应该只会带来帮助。奥巴马在接受采访时说:“那些自传一直都很有用,因为我确实觉得有这样一种倾向,那就是认为目前的任何状况,无论是灾难性的、令人好奇的还是困难的,都是独一无二的,这可以理解。”他会在下面这些书中寻找建议:

1. 《西奥多·罗斯福的崛起》,埃德蒙德·莫里斯

2. 《约翰·亚当斯传记》,戴维·麦卡洛

3. 《林肯:一位作家的传记》,弗雷德·卡普兰

4. 《危机1932:罗斯福百日新政与美国决胜时刻》,乔纳森·阿尔特

5. 《罗斯福》,让·爱德华·史密斯

6. 《林肯与劲敌幕僚》,多丽丝·基恩斯·古德温

7. 《林肯选集》

知识性书籍:

The Oval office can be a lonely place, so reading about your forefather’s experience could only help. “The biographies have been useful, because I do think that there’s a tendency, understandable, to think that whatever’s going on right now is uniquely disastrous or amazing or difficult,” said President Obama in an interview. He’s turned to these books for advice:

1. The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt, Edmund Morris

2. John Adams, David McCullough

3. Lincoln: The Biography of a Writer, Fred Kaplan

4. Defining Moment: FDR’s Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope, Jonathan Alte

5. FDR, Jean Edward Smith

6. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln, Doris Kearns Goodwin

7. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln

Informative Reads:

他身边可能聚集着美国最顶尖的专家,但读一读环保和经济著述没什么坏处。

1. 《炎热、平坦、拥挤的地球》,托马斯·L·弗里德曼

2. 《幽灵战阵》,史蒂夫·科尔

3. 《不平等的民主》,拉里·巴特尔斯

4. 《成为官僚》,罗伯特·A·卡罗

非文学作品:

He may have the country’s finest experts at his fingertips, but it still doesn’t hurt to read up on environmental and economic issues.

1. Hot, Flat, and Crowded: Why We Need a Green Revolution and How It Can Renew America, Thomas L Friedman

2. Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001, Steve Coll

3. Unequal Democracy: The Political Economy of the New Gilded Age, Larry Bartels

4. The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York, Robert A. Caro

Non-Fiction Titles:

不论现实还是虚构,奥巴马知道阅读能让头脑保持敏锐。他还涉猎了这些非文学著作。

1. 《雄心壮志的时代:在新中国追寻财富、真相和信仰 》,欧逸文

2. 《思考,快与慢》,丹尼尔·卡纳曼

3. 《道德的人和不道德的社会》,雷茵霍尔德·尼布尔

4. 《一位友善而公正的家长》,威廉·艾尔斯

5. 《后美国世界》,法里德·札卡瑞亚

6. 《灾难的教训》,戈登·戈登斯坦

7. 《人类简史》,尤瓦尔·诺亚·赫拉利

8. 《下一次将是烈火》,詹姆斯·鲍德温

9. 《安迪·格鲁夫传》,理查德·S·泰德罗

10. 《永恒美丽的背后:孟买幽暗城中的生命、死亡和希望》,凯瑟琳·布

其他作家和哲学家

执政期间,奥巴马还推荐过十几位作家和知名文坛人物,只是并未提及具体作品。这些人包括:

1. 兰斯顿·休斯

2. 理查德·赖特

3. 马克·吐温

4. 马尔科姆·艾克斯

5. 菲利普·罗斯

6. 索尔·贝娄

7. 朱诺·迪亚斯

8. 戴夫·艾格斯

9. 查蒂·史密斯

10. 芭芭拉·金索沃

11. 圣奥斯丁

12. 弗里德里希·尼采

13. 让-保留·萨特

14. 托马斯·杰斐逊

15. 拉尔夫·瓦尔多·爱默生

16. 亚伯拉罕·林肯

17. 保罗·田立克

18. E.L. 多克托罗

(财富中文网)

译者:Charlie

审稿:夏林

Fact or fiction, the president knows that reading keeps the mind sharp. He also delved into these non-fiction reads:

1. Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Evan Osnos

2. Thinking, Fast and Slow, Daniel Kahneman

3. Moral Man And Immoral Society, Reinhold Niebuhr

4. A Kind And Just Parent, William Ayers

5. The Post-American World, Fareed Zakaria

6. Lessons in Disaster, Gordon Goldstein

7. Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind, Yuval Noah Harari

8. The Fire Next Time, James Baldwin

9. Andy Grove: The Life and Times of an American, Richard S Tedlow

10. Behind the Beautiful Forevers: Life, Death, and Hope in a Mumbai Undercity, Katherine Boo

Additional Authors and Philosophers

Throughout his time in office, Obama has also recommended a dozen other authors and literary figures of note, even though he might not have named specific books. Check them out below:

1. Langston Hughes

2. Richard Wright

3. Mark Twain

4. Malcolm X

5. Philip Roth

6. Saul Bellow

7. Junot Díaz

8. Dave Eggers

9. Zadie Smith

10. Barbara Kingsolver

11. St. Augustine

12. Friedrich Nietzsche

13. Jean-Paul Sartre

14. Thomas Jefferson

15. Ralph Waldo Emerson

16. Abraham Lincoln

17. Paul Tillich

18. E.L. Doctorow

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