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太阳能发电成本世界最低

Joseph Hinicks 2017年09月14日

太阳能发电成本已经掉到了2010年时的三分之一,成为目前成本最低廉的可再生能源。

根据来自彭博新能源财经的数据,太阳能已经成为了全世界成本最便宜的发电方式。

根据彭博新能源财经的分析,中国、印度、巴西以及其他55个新兴市场经济国家的太阳能发电成本已经掉到了2010年时的三分之一。这意味着太阳能已经超过了风能,成为目前成本最低廉的可再生能源。另外它的成本也低于煤炭和天然气。

在本周致客户的信中,彭博新能源财经董事长迈克尔·李伯利希指出,太阳能已经进入了足以“削弱化石能源的时代”。

据彭博新能源财经报道,2016年,太阳能电力的价格出现了显著下降。去年年初,印度的一笔电力合同以每兆瓦时64美元成交。去年八月,中国的一笔电力合同更是低至每兆瓦时29.1美元——这个价格大概只有煤炭发电的一半。

彭博新能源财经美国政策分析主任伊森·辛德勒指出,太阳能发电成本下降的主要原因是中国对太阳能的大范围部署。此外,中国还对其他希望发展太阳能的国家提供了大力援助,这也是导致太阳能电价下降的重要原因。

辛德勒表示:“仅仅五年前,太阳能领域的投资还是微不足道的,但现在,这个领域的投资已经相当可观了。”

根据彭博新能源财经的估算,到2016年底,全球新安装的太阳能光伏发电量将达到700亿瓦,首次超过风能的590亿瓦。(财富中文网)

译者:贾政景

Solar power is becoming the world's cheapest form of new electricity generation, data from Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) suggests.

According to Bloomberg's analysis, the cost of solar power in China, India, Brazil and 55 other emerging market economies has dropped to about one third of its price in 2010. This means solar now pips wind as the cheapest form of renewable energy—but is also outperforming coal and gas.

In a note to clients this week, BNEF chairman Michael Liebreich said that solar power had entered “the era of undercutting” fossil fuels.

Bloomberg reports that 2016 has seen remarkable falls in the price of electricity from solar sources, citing a $64 per megawatt-hour contract in India at the tart of the year, and a $29.10 per megawatt-hour deal struck in Chile in August—about 50% the price of electricity produced from coal.

Ethan Zindler, head of U.S. policy analysis at BNEF, attributed much of the downward pressure to China's massive deployment of solar, and the assistance it had provided to other countries financing their own solar projects.

“Solar investment has gone from nothing—literally nothing—like five years ago to quite a lot,” Zindler said.

When the numbers come in at the end of 2016 the generating capacity of newly installed solar photovoltaics is expected to exceed that of wind for the first time: at 70 gigawatts and 59 gigawatts respectively, according to BNEF projections.

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