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巴菲特87岁了,还有24个鲜为人知的秘密

Business Insider 2017年09月01日

他16岁时他已经拥有了相当于今天的53,000美元的资产。

今年8月30日是传奇投资人沃伦·巴菲特的87岁生日。凭借770亿美元的净资产,这位“奥马哈先知”也是全世界第四富有的人,不过他的生活相当俭朴,远不像很多人想象得那么土豪。

巴菲特的家位于美国的内布拉斯加州,这套房子的价值只相当于他个人总资产的0.01%,所以说他住得不算很奢华。他的早餐经常在麦当劳解决,最多花3.17美元就搞定了。

对于了解巴菲特发家史的人来说,巴菲特成功绝对不是偶然的。他从11岁就开始选择股票了,16岁时他已经拥有了相当于今天的53,000美元的资产。

巴菲特不仅是个赚钱的大师,他在捐钱上也不遗余力。虽然巴菲特的慈善生涯起步很晚,而且是在第一任妻子的坚持下才开始涉足慈善的,但他现在已经成为全世界最慷慨的慈善家。过去十年里,他捐给慈善事业的善款已经超过了270亿美元。

受Quora网站上的一个问题“关于巴菲特,有什么不为人知的事实”启发,我们搜集了关于这位传奇投资人的24个不为人知的秘密。

在他的小学同学还在梦想当体育明星和好莱坞明星时,10岁的巴菲特正在跟纽交所的高管共进午餐,并且确定了自己的人生目标。

巴菲特的传奇人生,始于10岁时与父亲的一趟纽约之旅。

父亲带着他与纽交所的一名高管吃了饭,正是这顿饭在幼小的巴菲特心中种下了以投资为事业的种子。

11岁时购买了第一支股票。

这一年,他以38美元的价格购入了几股Cities Service Preferred的股票。

十几岁时每个月已经有了175美元的收入,比他的老师(以及大多数成年人)的收入还多。

这笔钱是靠给《华盛顿邮报》当送报童赚来的。

16岁时已经拥有53,000美元的财富。

青少年时期的巴菲特已经尝试过许多种小生意,送报纸只是其中之一。他还卖过二手的高尔夫球和邮票,倒腾过二手肌肉车,干过弹珠机生意,还曾经把一个赛马场改造成一个豪华游乐场。

曾被哈佛商学院拒之门外。

在招生面试结束后,巴菲特坚信自己一定能被哈佛录取,于是他得意洋洋地对朋友说:“咱们哈佛见。”

后来回忆起这次面试,巴菲特曾说过:“我当时外表上看起来有16岁,但心理年龄只有9岁。”被哈佛商学院无情拒绝后,他只得就读了哥伦比亚大学,因为当时哥大只需要一份书面申请就能上,不需要经过面试。

他的偶像拒绝了他的第一次求职申请

巴菲特最开始想为他的偶像、《聪明投资人》的作者本杰明·格雷汉姆工作。但格雷汉姆却因为巴菲特不是犹太人而拒绝了他——那个年代犹太人想在华尔街找工作是很不容易的,所以格雷汉姆的公司专门给犹太人留了个位子。

巴菲特不接受偶像的拒绝,而是继续各种创造机会与偶像交流思想,最后终于打动了格雷汉姆。

巴菲特花100美元报过戴尔·卡耐基的演讲课

21岁时的巴菲特还很害怕公开讲话。事实证明这100块钱花得是很值的。至少上完了课,他已经有勇气公开跟妻子求婚了。

他在奥马哈的家只有五间卧室,这套房子是他1956年以31,500美元购买的。

如果你想当巴菲特的邻居,你可以买下他对面的那套房子——现价大约是215万美元。

巴菲特的办公桌上没有电脑,他用的是翻盖手机而不是智能手机。

他的书架上还放着一部《世界图书百科全书》。

他一生中只发过一封电子邮件,收件人是微软的杰夫·雷克斯。

远离科技产品也有个好处,就是他有很多时间打桥牌,每周能玩12个小时。

他的桥牌伙伴一般是比尔·盖茨。

巴菲特每天80%的时间在读书。

不打桥牌的时候,他基本上都在读书。他曾说过:“我坐在办公室里,一读书就是一整天。”

每天喝大量可口可乐。

这位投资大师爱吃垃圾食品是出了名的。“如果我每天摄入2700卡,其中至少有四分之一是喝可乐喝的。我每天至少要喝五罐可乐,天天如此。”

另外他喜欢高盐高糖的饮食,经常吃一碗冰淇淋当早餐。

巴菲特99%的财富是在50岁生日以后赚到的。

在所有人们公认的投资大师中,巴菲特的胜率是最高的。

他的卓越投资表现保持得极久,超过了历史上任何一名投资大师——比如大卫·埃因霍恩和沃特·施劳斯等。

如果你在1964年——也就是巴菲特刚收购伯克希尔哈撒韦公司时,花1000美元购买了伯克希尔哈撒韦的股票(当时的股价是19美元),那些股份放在今天将价值1300万美元。

巴菲特的净资产比乌拉圭的GDP还多。

2014年乌拉圭的GDP约为57,471,277,325美元。

虽然巴菲特花钱很节省,但他捐钱却十分大方。2010年,他与比尔盖茨夫妇发起了“捐赠誓言”活动,号召全球富豪们将大多数财产捐给慈善组织。

截止2016年6月,已有至少154名富豪签署了“誓言”,包括迈克尔·布隆伯格、马克·扎克伯格和拉里·埃里森等。

巴菲特一生捐出去的钱,差不多够修6个苹果“太空船”总部了(造价约50亿美元)。

苹果的“太空船”总部是乔布斯生前最后的几个大手笔之一,外观极具未来主义风格,外墙采用了有弧度的玻璃面板。总部园区还修建了地下停车场和用来做产品发布的大礼堂,还有360度的自然景观。

巴菲特迄今为止已经捐献了近300亿美元,是全世界对公益事业捐赠第二多的人(仅次于比尔·盖茨)。

2013年,巴菲特平均每天能赚3700万美元,比詹妮弗·劳伦斯一整年的收入都多。

据《福布斯》杂志报道,詹妮弗·劳伦斯是2013年收入第二高的女明星,当年她的总收入约为3400万美元。而2013年,巴菲特平均每天的收入都达到了3700万美元。

2016年7月,巴菲特再次打破自己的捐赠记录,一次性向几家慈善组织捐赠了29亿美元,对象包括比尔与梅琳达盖茨基金会和苏珊汤普森巴菲特基金会等——后者是以他已故的妻子苏珊命名的。

据称,巴菲特每年会从伯克希尔哈撒韦公司领10万美元的工资——而且他花得很省。

巴菲特在全球拥有大量拥趸,他们甚至不惜花几百万,只求与巴菲特吃顿饭。

为了给GLIDE基金会筹集善款,巴菲特从2000年开始拍卖与自己共进午餐的机会。

出价最高的人可以最多带7个人,在曼哈顿的Smith & Wollensky牛排屋与这位商业界的传奇人物吃一顿饭。最近获此殊荣者花了3456789美元。

巴菲特并不认为金钱能与成功划等号。“我衡量成功的标准是有多少人爱我。被爱的最好的方法,就是做一个可爱的人。”(财富中文网)

本文原载于BusinessInsider.com。

译者:朴成奎

Billionaire and legendary investor Warren Buffett turns 87 years old on August 30. With a net worth of nearly $77 billion, "The Oracle of Omaha" is currently the fourth-richest person in the world — but he doesn't act like it.

His modest home in Nebraska is worth just .001% of his total wealth and he never spends more than $3.17 on his daily McDonald's breakfast.

To those who knew him from the beginning, Buffett's success comes as no surprise: He was picking out stocks at 11 years old and had amassed the equivalent of $53,000 in today's dollars by the time he was 16.

But Buffett isn't just a master at making money — he's good at giving it away, too. Although he didn't start donating until later in life at the insistence of his first wife, Buffett is now regarded as one of the most generous philanthropists in the world, giving more than $27 billion to causesin the last decade.

Inspired by a Quora thread asking "What are some mind-blowing facts about Warren Buffett," we rounded up 24 astonishing facts about the legendary investor and his massive fortune.

While his elementary school classmates were dreaming about the major leagues and Hollywood, 10-year old Buffett was having lunch with a member of the New York Stock Exchange and setting life goals.

Buffett's legendary career all began with an epiphany at age 10 when he was on a trip to New York City with his dad.

Dining with a member of the NYSE planted the idea in young Buffett's head to organize his life around money.

He bought his first stock at age 11.

He purchased multiple shares of Cities Service Preferred for $38 apiece.

When Buffett was a teen, he was already raking in about $175 a month — more than his teachers (and most adults).

He pulled this off by dutifully delivering the Washington Post.

He had amassed the equivalent of $53,000 by the time he was just 16.

Paper delivery was just one of many small businesses teenage Buffett orchestrated: He sold used golf balls and stamps, buffed cars, set up a pinball machine business, and turned a horse track into a lucrative playground.

He was rejected from Harvard Business School.

Buffett, confident he nailed his admissions interview, had already told a friend, "Join me at Harvard."

"I looked about 16 and emotionally was about nine," he recalled of the in-person interview. Forced to look elsewhere, he settled on Columbia University, which only required a written application and no interview.

His idol refused to hire him the first time he applied.

Buffett originally wanted to work with his idol, and author of "The Intelligent Investor," Benjamin Graham, but Graham rejected him because he wasn't Jewish (Graham was saving a spot at his firm for someone Jewish, since at the time Jewish people had a tougher time landing work on Wall Street).

Buffett wouldn't take no for an answer, and continued pitching Graham ideas until he eventually hired him.

Buffett spent $100 to take a Dale Carnegie course on public speaking.

He was 21 and terrified of public speaking. It ended up being a worthy investment, as the course helped him propose to his wife.

His house is a humble five-bedroom in Omaha, Nebraska, that he bought in 1956 for $31,500.

If you want to be Buffett's neighbor, the house across the street will cost you about $2.15 million.

Buffett doesn't keep a computer on his desk, and he chooses to use a flip phone rather than a smartphone.

There is, however, a World Book Encyclopedia set on his shelf.

In fact, he's only sent one email in his life, to Jeff Raikes of Microsoft.

His distance from technology leaves him time for bridge, which he plays about 12 hours a week.

Oftentimes, his bridge partner is Bill Gates.

He spends 80% of his day reading.

When he's not playing bridge, he's reading. "I just sit in my office and read all day," he says.

He drinks an alarming amount of Coca-Cola each day.

The business magnate is a notoriously unhealthy eater: "If I eat 2,700 calories a day, a quarter of that is Coca-Cola. I drink at least five 12-ounce servings. I do it everyday."

He also likes to double-fist salt shakers, and don't put it past him to enjoy a bowl of ice cream for breakfast.

99% of Buffett's wealth was earned after his 50th birthday.

Among investing legends, Buffett has the longest track record for beating the market.

The longevity of Buffett's outperformance is greater than that of other savvy investors, such as David Einhorn and Walter Schloss.

$1,000 invested in Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway stock in 1964, when Buffett took over the company and shares cost just $19, would be worth about $13 million dollars today.

Buffett's net worth is greater than the GDP of Uruguay.

Uruguay's 2014 GDP was estimated to be $57,471,277,325.

Though Buffett spends frugally, he gives generously. In 2010, he teamed up with Bill and Melinda Gates to form The Giving Pledge, an initiative that asks the world's wealthiest people to dedicate the majority of their wealth to philanthropy.

As of June 2016, more than 154 affluent individuals have signed the pledge, including Michael Bloomberg, Mark Zuckerberg, and Larry Ellison.

Buffett has also so far donated nearly enough money in his lifetime to build six Apple 'Spaceship' Campuses, which are $5 billion endeavors.

The Apple Campus, one of the last major projects Steve Jobs worked on, is a futuristic-looking company campus that will feature curved glass panels, an underground parking lot, a private auditorium for keynotes and product launches, and a 360-degree view of nature.

Buffett has donated nearly $30 billion — the second-highest amount (following that of Bill Gates).

In 2013, Buffett made on average $37 million per DAY — that's more than what Jennifer Lawrence made the entire year.

According to Forbes, Jennifer Lawrence was the second-highest-paid actress in 2013, and she is estimated to have made $34 million that year.

Warren Buffett made $37 million per day in 2013.

In July 2016, Buffett broke his own giving record when he donated $2.9 billion to various charities, including The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Susan Thompson Buffett Foundation, which is named for his late wife.

The multi-billionaire reportedly earns only $100,000 a year at Berkshire Hathaway — and spends it frugally.

People are so fascinated with the legendary Buffett that they'll spend millions of dollars to eat lunch with him.

Buffett has been auctioning off a "power lunch" since 2000 at his charity event for GLIDE Foundation.

The highest bidder gets to bring up to seven people to dine with the steak-loving business magnate at Smith & Wollensky steakhouse in Manhattan, and the most recent winner paid $3,456,789.

He doesn't think money equals success: 'I measure success by how many people love me. And the best way to be loved is to be lovable.'

This article originally appeared on BusinessInsider.com

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