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2017年特朗普做对了哪三件事?

Thomas Binon 2017年12月24日

在特朗普执政的第一年,白宫和他的内阁也确实取得了一些了不起的胜利。

2017年11月13日,越南副总统阮春福(左)、美国总统特朗普(中)、菲律宾总统杜特尔特(右)在第三十一届东盟领导人峰会上合影。 JIM WATSON AFP/Getty Images

每一届美国总统都是新闻界的宠儿,在抢头条上,特朗普更是自成一家。从他参加大选,到他最近的一条推文,他每说一句话、爆的每一次粗口,每次白宫招聘和解聘了谁,他在每次活动上的演讲,都会被媒体不遗巨细地解读。不管你爱他还是恨他,特朗普的曝光度都是杠杠的。

就算你平时不爱看政治新闻,你也可能已经对特朗普当选后的几个大动作有所耳闻。比如他任命了尼尔戈萨奇作为最高法院的大法官,他即将签署一项税改法案,他还废除了奥巴马时代的很多规定。你或许还听说了,特朗普打算把美国驻以色列使馆迁至耶路撒冷,而且他还下令美国退出了《巴黎气候协定》。只要你多多少少看过电视,你肯定也知道了他“推特治国”的风格,听说了特朗普内阁中多数高官的名字。

大多数人也都知道,特朗普迄今尚未兑现废除奥巴马医改和建造美墨边境墙的承诺。大多数人也知道,美国股市现在正在一路飙升,美国的失业率也降低到了17年以来的最低点——不管你是不是把这些成功归结到特朗普身上。特朗普上台不到一年,关于他的新闻已经铺天盖地,让人无处躲藏。

这一年,特朗普取得了很多政治上的成功,多得连媒体都可能有遗漏的时候。在特朗普执政的第一年,白宫和他的内阁也确实取得了一些了不起的胜利。

特朗普自从上台起就跟非法移民较上了劲儿,不得不说,他的移民治理政策还是颇见成效的。这一年,美国移民局抓获了10万多名进入美国的非法移民,其中有70%涉嫌违法犯罪活动。上一财年,美国移民局还打掉了近2800名犯罪团伙成员。另外,特朗普还联合国际力量,逮捕和起诉了3800多名“MS-13”和“18街”帮会成员,这两个帮会也是全球最暴力的犯罪团伙之一。

特朗普另一个不为人知的成功是在能源领域。首先他批准了“基石XL”管道建设,此举也带来了42,000个工作岗位。明年春天,内政部还将卖掉墨西哥湾7700万英亩海域的油气开采权,其规模创下了历史记录,其产量或可达到11.2亿桶石油。美国环保局也表露出废除导致就业下降的《清洁能源计划》的意向,另外美国政府还简化了开采液化天然气的审批流程。

归功于这些媒体报道不多的政策,美国能源产业已经到了爆发式增长的边缘。

美国老兵们也终于等来了他们盼望已久的退伍军人制度改革。特朗普已经颁布了三项针对退伍军人事务部的重大改革法案。

第一项是《退伍军人诉求改进和现代化法案》,它将在一定程度上缓解退伍军人长期以来面临的诉求被搁置的问题。现在退伍军人服务变得更高效简洁,他们的诉求也将更快得到裁定。这也是自20世纪30年代以来,退伍军人诉求流程的首次重大改进。第二项是《退伍军人教育援助法案》,它再次重申并改善了“911”事件后的《退伍军人权利法案》中规定的教育福利。最后是《退伍选择与高质量就业法案》,它为退伍军人的医疗保健提供了更多选择。

这一年,特朗普签署了70多个法案,其中很多并未得到媒体的广泛报道,而且媒体也并未宣传特朗普政府出台的很多政策的积极影响。不过在移民、能源和退伍军人问题上,特朗普确实还是干了实事的。对于这样一个貌似以“抢头条”为乐的总统,我们有时的确想不到他竟然做成了这么多事,然而这却是真的。 (财富中文网)

译者:贾政景

Every president makes news, but Trump is in a class by himself in this regard. From the outset of his campaign to his most recent tweet, the press has dissected and analyzed every word, every squabble, every White House hiring and firing, and every rally speech. Love him or hate him, he gets great ratings.

Even if you’re not an avid consumer of political news, you’re probably aware of the major accomplishments of his presidency. Trump put Neil Gorsuch on the Supreme Court, he’s about to sign a tax-reform bill into law, and he’s dramatically rolled back President Obama’s regulations. You probably know that he’s moving the U.S. Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem and that he pulled the country out of the Paris Climate Accord. Indeed, if you’ve watched one minute of cable television, you’re aware of his Twitter (TWTR, +0.44%) style and know the names of most of his Cabinet and senior staff.

Most people also know that the president has yet to make good on promises to repeal Obamacare and build a wall between the U.S. and Mexico. And most people know that the stock market is currently soaring and that unemployment numbers are crashing to a 17-year low, whether or not you connect these successes to Trump. Not even a year into his presidency, Americans have been highly exposed to the Trump story.

Yet, President Trump has had a plethora of policy successes that the media hasn’t fully covered. His White House and his Cabinet have spent the first year of their administration racking up a few quiet wins.

The president has put his focus on immigration enforcement, and the effect is beginning to take shape, telling a major success story. ICE has arrested more than 100,000 people who entered the U.S. illegally, 70% of whom were already convicted criminals. ICE removed nearly 2,800 criminal gang members in the last fiscal year. Additionally, President Trump led an international effort to arrest and charge 3,800 MS-13 and 18th Street gang members, two of the most violent gangs on the planet.

Another undercover success story is found in the energy sector. President Trump approved the construction of the Keystone XL pipeline, a move that will lead to the creation of 42,000 jobs. In the spring, the Department of the Interior will sell 77 million acres of leases for oil and gas production on the Gulf of Mexico. That’s the largest such offering in history and could lead to 1.12 billion barrels of oil. The EPA has signaled its intent to repeal the job-killing Clean Power Plan, and the administration has streamlined the approval process for exporting liquefied natural gas.

The American energy industry is on the brink of a growth explosion thanks to these underreported policies.

America’s cherished veterans are also finally getting the reform effort they deserve. The president has enacted three major reform bills for the Department of Veterans Affairs.

The first, the Veterans Appeals Improvement and Modernization Act, will alleviate the claims backlog that veterans have long suffered through. Now they’ll have access to a more efficient, streamlined service and can have their claims adjudicated much quicker. This is the first update to the appeals process since the 1930s. The second, the Harry W. Colmery Veterans Educational Assistance Act, reauthorizes and improves the post- 9/11 GI Bill that helps veterans get education benefits. The last, the VA Choice and Quality Employment Act, opens up more options for veterans’ health care.

The press hasn’t covered many of the 70 bills that President Trump has signed into law, and they haven’t covered the positive effect of many of his administration’s policies. On immigration, energy, and veterans, the president has made a huge impact in his first year. That’s hardly what we’d expect with a president that makes news so often, but it’s true.

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